The same year voters decided it was time to elect a Mayor who could represent Pasadena on a city-wide basis. On January 1,the Valley Hunt Club initiated a mid-winter festival with a procession of flower-bedecked horses and carriages. Subsisting on local game and vegetation, the Hahamognas lived in villages scattered along the Arroyo Seco and the canyons from the mountains down to the South Pasadena area.
In July ofthe world was able to watch as Rover, a robot on four wheels with a camera and extendable arms, moved over the surface of the red planet. Led by Caltech and the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, which became focal points of research and development for the war effort, Pasadena evolved into a center for industrial research and light manufacture of scientific and electronic precision instruments.
San Gabriel Mission Postcard. The city once famed for its salubrious climate was now inundated with smog. Large corporations relocated their headquarters to Pasadena, the Conference Center was built, and the Plaza Pasadena retail shopping mall was completed.
The Vista del Arroyo Hotel was purchased by the Army and became a convalescent hospital for the wounded. By there were industrial establishments in Pasadena.
As the business district moved east of Fair Oaks and Colorado, the area that was once the heart of the city became dilapidated, with high vacancy rates and declining property values. Neighborhood and preservation groups ed forces in to defeat a proposal to build two high-rise towers in downtown Pasadena.
In the ensuing decade, amenities such as sewers, paved streets, and electric street lighting were installed. That same year, the Pasadena Redevelopment Agency was disbanded. The educational system expanded in both the public and private sector. The San Gabriel Mission, the fourth in California, grew to be prosperous, with abundant orchards, vineyards and herds.
The City of Pasadena is dedicated to delivering exemplary municipal services responsive to our entire community and consistent with our history, culture and unique character. Despite recent set backs in the loss of the Mars probe Orbiter and the Mars Polar Lander, it is the memory of the Mars Pathfinder Mission that still remains fresh in the minds of many.
Revitalization of this area occurred throughout the eighties, and culminated at the end of with the completion of the One Colorado historic block. An added tourist attraction was the Echo Mountain incline railway which opened in and included a mountain chalet resort and the Alpine Tavern at Crystal Springs.
The City Manager, however, was responsible for the day-to-day operation of the City. In the postwar boom, newcomers flocked to Pasadena. Millions of square feet of office space were created, as well as many new condominium projects and commercial buildings.
Pasadena became an attractive place to live for people working in industrial areas in Los Angeles. The Pasadena Community Playhouse was incorporated in and moved to the new Pasadena Playhouse in A inch telescope was installed atop Mt. Wilson under the direction of Dr. George Ellery Hale in The Rose Bowl stadium and Brookside Park recreation facility were built. The seventies were a period of economic revitalization, primarily under direction of the Pasadena Redevelopment Agency.
The vast lands which it administered for the Spanish Crown were divided into ranchos.
This became a yearly tradition that in was formally sponsored by the Tournament of Roses Association. A former city Councilmember, Bill Bogaard was elected in Inthe Northridge earthquake, the most severe quake in a series to hit Southern California, left Pasadena relatively unscathed. With the arrival of the Spaniards and the establishment of the San Gabriel Mission on September 8,most of the Native Americans were converted and provided labor for the mission.
Although the problem of central city decline was pointed out in a major report inlittle was done to remedy it until the early seventies. He and his sons subsequently lost the land which changed ownership a few more times before being granted on November 28,by Governor Manuel Micheltorena to his good friend, Colonel Manuel Garfias, son of a distinguished Mexican family.
The of industrial establishments, which ed only indecreased even further to 83 in Inthe city population was 76, Despite this, a study conducted by Dr. Edward Thorndike of Columbia University on the general goodness of life in U. World War II ushered in a turnabout, and set Pasadena on the path to modern industrial growth. The most recent award went to Robert H. Schrock MITfor their work in the development of the metathesis method in organic synthesis. The city population grew from 9, in to 30, by The population included Chinese and Mexicans, who were brought in to work on the railro, and Blacks, who moved in and started small businesses or worked as servants in the big houses and hotels.
The city had much to offer culturally. The largest increase was in the Hispanic population, which grew to This paved the way for the election of minority candidates and a greater emphasis on neighborhood concerns. The cultural and educational side of the city was Throop Polytechnic Institute not neglected. In the eighties, population growth accompanied development. Pasadena will combine world class events, science and technology, arts and culture, history and architecture with great neighborhoods and opportunities for all.
Transformed into a restaurant and entertainment center, Old Pasadena has become a major attraction in Southern California. After the rule of missions, California passed from Spain to Mexico, the Mexican government in secularized the mission lands and awarded them to individuals. A mayor was selected on a rotating basis from the senior City Councilmembers.
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Plans for the Foothill and Long Beach Freeways, which would link Pasadena to major arteries on the east, west and south were underway, removing parcels of land from the tax rolls as well as low-priced housing occupied by minorities, the elderly and low-income families.
Intwo years after California was admitted as a state to the Union, Garfias built an adobe hacienda on the east bank of the Arroyo, where he and his family proceeded to live in grand style, until he could not meet the interest payment due on a loan. Minority populations were heavily concentrated in the older sections of the city.
By the population was , including a ificant increase in the Black population from 3, in to 7, in A new shopping center opened in Hastings Ranch in With growth came problems. During the war, hotels in Pasadena were used as military command headquarters.
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The robot took photographs, collected rock and soil samples and transmitted scientific data back to the earth. The area of the city increased through annexations, first of sections to the north and east, then in San Rafael Heights and Linda Vista, which had been physically linked to the city by the Colorado Street Bridge in Some of the best architects settled in Pasadena, which became known for its fine architecture, particularly the Craftsman style, perfected by Greene and Greene.
The year of marked the opening of the Pasadena Art Museum of Modern Art now the Norton Simon Museum of Art and the closure of the renowned Pasadena Playhouse, sold at auction after years of financial difficulties. Rover lasted considerably longer than it was originally deed before it fell silent in September As Pasadena looks toward the future it seeks to balance growth with community needs, historic character, a diverse economic base, and a safe, healthy family community.
Throop Polytechnic Institute first named Throop University was founded in and later became the California Institute of Technology. The completion in of the Arroyo Seco Parkway, the first freeway in the west, provided a fast and direct route from Pasadena to Los Angeles. All photographs courtesy of the Pasadena Public Library unless otherwise noted. A city bond issue financed the construction of a handsome Civic Center, consisting of the Central Library opened on February 12,City Hall opened on December 27, and the Civic Auditorium which opened in The Depression aled the end of an era for Pasadena, disrupting its tourist economy which never d at its level.
Title to the land was then transferred in to his lenders, Dr. John S. Portions of the Rancho San Pasqual were thereafter sold, leaving Griffin and Wilson with 5, acres in In Pasadena incorporated, largely as a measure to rid the city of its saloon. A citizen initiative to restrict growth was passed in It was later repealed by voters inin conjunction with revising the General Plan to respond to growth management issues.
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The city government was reorganized and in Pasadena became a charter city with an elected mayor. Pasadena had a Shakespeare Club and a Grand Opera House never very successful and numerous civic and cultural organizations. With growth and new development came concern for preserving the unique quality of life in Pasadena.