All eight plazas are open 24 hours a day and located on the center median of the turnpike for access from both directions and offer gasoline, diesel fuel, internet accesstravel and tourism info and tickets, picnic areas, TV news, gift shops offering Florida Lotteryfamily-friendly restroomsand pay phones. South Florida businessman and ing firm owner Charles B. Costar was concerned that a trip down the east coast of Florida would take days on the available road network, passing through every small beachside town and siphoning off the traffic before visitors reached South Florida.
Spanning approximately miles km along a northwest—southeast axis, the turnpike is in two sections.
Thomas B. Manuel debated with state legislature members opposed to tollways, emphasizing the need for a good highway system in a tourism-driven state. The SR 91 mainline runs roughly miles kmfrom its southern terminus at an interchange with Interstate 95 I in Miami Gardens to an interchange with I in Wildwood at its northern terminus.
Three of the service plazas Pompano, Port St. The operation of Sunshine State Parkway gas stations and service centers was originally bid out under separate contracts, and as a result, differing petroleum brands operated concurrently along the parkway, with varying levels of service and pricing.
Coin baskets were installed in after years of delays. The turnpike expands to eight lanes north of this interchange, and then it intersects with Consulate Drive exita southbound-only, SunPass-only interchange. After driving on the Pennsylvania Turnpike during a vacation there, he envisioned a similar high-speed turnpike in Florida.
Martin Luther King Jr. North of the interchange, the highway enters stretch of sparse development between this point and Port St. Just north of the SR interchange in Palm Beach Gardens exitI parallels the Turnpike to the east for about 20 miles 32 kmwith I visible from the turnpike as it has an interchange with SR exit in Jupiter and into Martin County. The Turnpike has the next two interchanges with Orlando area tollways, SR East-West Expressway at exit and SR Western Expressway at exit A, where in between the two exits, the turnpike expands to become a twelve-lane highway, and reverting to an eight-lane highway north of the SR interchange.
Inthe Turnpike switched its exit ing system to the mile-log system, starting from the south end of the Homestead Extension, 13 years before Florida's interstates integrated it into their system. Route 1including parallel between Stuart and Palm Beach Gardens, with the turnpike being removed from the I alignment inand I being completed in With the St.
With Florida still growing in population in the s, preliminary studies began for expanding portions of the Turnpike to six lanes in South Florida and additional north—south highways in that area.
In Miami-Dade Countyseveral widening projects including new express lanes are underway. I he west towards the western fringes of St. Lucie County development, while the turnpike takes a path through the central areas of the county. Construction on the Parkway began on July 4,starting at what is now the Golden Glades Interchange.
The last two Orange County interchanges are with SR 50 five miles apart at exit B andwith the turnpike becoming a four-lane highway north of exitand staying that way for the rest of its northward journey. Fifteen new interchanges were planned in the early s, with four of them opened by July The section between the Golden Glades Plaza and Lantana was converted inwith the opening of the Cypress Creek and Lantana toll plazas.
Pierce in the s. The improvements also came with a series of toll hikes between and to make the toll rates more uniform six cents per mile 3. Construction on the first phase began in September and opened on January 26, The second phase, completing the interchange, will be built by the Turnpike Enterprise with construction beginning in late and expected to be completed inseveral years ahead of its original completion date.
Pierce was abandoned and plans for a state-long turnpike were shelved due to passage of the National Interstate and Defense Highways Actwhich provided for construction of limited-access highways in the corridors that had been under study for the Parkway Extension.
It breaks off as it crosses the Thomas B. Manuel Bridge over the St. Lucie Canal,  crossing I without an interchange just south of the SR interchange, the only exit in Martin County. InCostar led a lobbying group that resulted in the state legislature creating the "Florida Turnpike Act", which Governor Dan McCarty ed into law on July 11,as well as the Florida State Turnpike Authority, which had the ability to plan, de, and construct bond-financed toll ro, in which Costar was instrumental to create, to be repaid through the collection of tolls from Turnpike customers.
The slogan for the road is "The Less Stressway". The turnpike has two interchanges in Port St. Lucie-Fort Pierce service plaza at mile marker The turnpike intersects I one last time just south of SR 70 exit in Fort Pierceas I continues to head up the east coast of Florida and the turnpike curves inland towards Orlando.
Because he "was one of America's most beloved presidents and a true world leader", as the Legislature put it, Florida's Turnpike was deated by the Florida Legislature in as the Ronald Reagan Turnpike, with 20 s throughout the turnpike showing the deation. Inlegislation was passed in Florida to index toll rates across the state to the national Consumer price index CPIto be enacted by the end of June As a result, the toll rates on ro on Florida's Turnpike Enterprise were raised on June 24,an increase of The legislation allows for SunPass rates to be raised slightly each year, with cash rates going up every five years, with SunPass rates staying about a quarter cheaper than cash rates.
The Turnpike then enters Lake Countyheading in a northwestern direction, where hilly countryside becomes a part of the terrain for the remainder of the expressway while intersecting with Hancock Road exit in Minneolaan electronic toll interchange. Plans are in the works to widen the Turnpike from the Lake Worth Road interchange exit 93 to the Palm Beach - Martin County line   and from SR 50 exit to North Hancock exit  from four to eight lanes. The turnpike was originally entirely on the ticket system, but due to congestion in the Miami and Orlando metro areas, a coin system was implemented in those sections of the turnpike in the s.
InAreas U. Florida Turnpike Services, L. The Okahumpka and Ft. Pierce plazas will begin reconstruction when the other plaza projects are complete. On April 12,the road was renamed to its current name of Florida's Turnpike, to identify that the toll road was located in Florida and to avoid confusion from other Florida landmarks such as the Sunshine Skyway Bridge.
The last interchange in Lake County is with County Road exitwhich does not provide cash. During the legislative session, many small-county legislators and others opposed to the Parkway formed a "kill the 'Pike'" coalition; Manuel won over the legislators at his headquarters in the Floridan Hotel near the capitol.
The final toll plaza is in Leesburg. In AprilSunPass was introduced to the public, with SunPass-only interchanges and lanes being introduced throughout the s. In late Maythe board authorized a study for the Parkway Extension to Orlando, and connecting the Interstate routes in Florida. Exit features a partial interchange with SR Central Florida GreeneWaywith an exit from the northbound turnpike to northbound SR and entrance from southbound SR to the southbound turnpike. Florida's Turnpike Enterprise operates with intelligent transportation systems ITSused to detect and manage incidents on their roadways.
North of the SR 70 interchange, the turnpike enters a rural area, with cattle farms and orange groves lining the road for most of the section between Fort Pierce and Kissimmeewith only one interchange: SR 60 in Yeehaw Junction exit There are two service plazas in this area, one at Fort Drum at mile marker and the other, Canoe Creek, at mile marker Between Fort Pierce and Yeehaw Junction, the turnpike travels in a nearly east-west direction heading inland, with a The SunPass-only interchange located at Kissimmee Park Road, a partial interchange featuring a northbound on- and southbound off-ramp only, is named for Senator N.
Ray Carroll, longtime Osceola County banker, citrus grower and cattle rancher.
The extension was opened in three stages: a mile 98 km section between Yeehaw Junction and Orlando opened on July 17,a section linking Fort Pierce and Yeehaw Junction opened on November 22,and the section between Orlando and the northern terminus of I opened on July 24,completing the mainline. At mile markerthe turnpike passes through the final service plaza, the Okahumpka service plaza. In the years following World War IIFlorida was experiencing unprecedented growth in population and tourism, along with a revitalized citrus industry recovering from a harsh freeze early in the decade; the increased traffic load quickly burdened the state's highway system.
The of the studies came in Decemberbut due to an uncertain bond market and an unknown future for the toll authority, decisions on the ro were delayed. Most of the section was expanded from four to eight lanes, with the section between SR and SR being expanded from six to twelve lanes.
Just 1 mile 1. The Beeline Expressway opened in and the Homestead Extension opened in as a part of the Turnpike mainline. The mainline opened in stages between andwhile the extension was completed in In Davie, about 8 miles 13 km north of the Homestead Extension interchange, it intersects with Iproviding direct access to Alligator Alley and Ft.
Lauderdale International Airport.
As the Turnpike and its system of ro are primary routes for emergency evacuationstolls may be suspended, in cooperation with the state's emergency operations center and county governments, when a state or national emergency, most common being a hurricane watchwarrant rapid movement of the population. The system, consisting of closed-circuit television traffic camerasdynamic message shighway advisory radioand radar vehicle detection system, allow the TMC to see anything from congestion to crashes, to disabled vehicles that may pose a threat to the Turnpike's motorists.
On September 1,the Turnpike switched from a sequential exit ing system to a hybrid ing system, where adjacent exit s differed by 4 south of SR 60 exit 60 at the time and 5 north of SR Between andthe turnpike experienced little change other than maintenance as the original bonds on the road were being paid off. The turnpike ends with an interchange with I in Wildwoodabout 20 miles 32 km south of Ocala.
Between US exit and the northern terminus mile there is no toll. The HEFT ceased cash toll collections on February 19,becoming an exclusive electronic toll roada move announced in November The manned toll plazas were converted into electronic toll gantries, and the only ways to pay are either by SunPass transponders or a "toll-by-plate" program.
After passing the I-4 interchange exit near many of Orlando's theme parks, the Turnpike moves in a northwest direction, first passing by the Turkey Lake Service Plaza at mile markerwhere the FDOT district headquarters of the Turnpike are located. One was Interstate 95which was slated to connect Jacksonville with Miami in a similar alignment to the planned Sunshine State Parkway Coastal Route. However, a combination of a low inflation rate and problems within the relevant state authorities caused multiple cancellations and changes in schedule for the next increase.
Work is also currently ongoing to widen the road from four to eight lanes between SR and Osceola Parkway and complete the interchange with SR Completion is expected by Reconstruction of the northern end of the Turnpike at its junction with Interstate 75 improved the traffic merge pattern between I and SR 44 with new flyover ramps and additional traffic lanes. A Turnpike bridge in Stuart bears his name to honor his contributions. Eight service plazas are located along the turnpike, spaced about 45 miles 72 km apart.
This resulted in completion of a truncated mile km highway that ran from Miami to Fort Pierce, opening on January 25, In JanuaryGovernor LeRoy Collinsfavoring a Parkway extension from Fort Pierce to Orlando, stated that building the Parkway north of Orlando would be unnecessary due to the interstate highway system. Tolls on the turnpike are an average of 6.